Emotional Eyes Film

Summary

In a group of three we made a short video that gave the impression of wonder. We used many different shot types and lighting in our film. Our goal was to create wonder in our audience by confusing them enough for them to wonder what is happening.

What I Leaned

I learned a lot about lighting. I learned that to create soft lighting you need a bigger light and should move it closer to the person or object being filmed. To make hard light you should move the light far away from the subject. The sun is a good example of this.

Shot Reverse Shot Project

Summary

For this project we created a ten line dialogue. We cut back and forth between our characters and tried to make the camera be in the conversation by placing it in between our characters. I was in a group of three and I was the cinematographer during the filming phase. Also, everybody edited their own videos.

Finial Video

What I learned

I learned many things about filming conversations. First, this was the first time I filmed from inside a conversation. I learned that when filming inside a conversation is it extremely important to follow the 180 degree rule. What was hard was that we had three different people talking so the camera was in the middle of a triangle of conversation. This made our video decently hard to film so it would make sense where our characters where compared to each other. Another thing I learned was that ADR is much easier to do when you have the initial audio to the clips you can listen to yourself talking.

ADR Project

Summary

I this project I replaced a video of Mr. Leduc with new and better audio. I also had to add background noise so it would sound better.

Film Before Visual ADR

Film After Visual ADR

 

ADR Process

ADR is replacing the audio that was shot with the video with better audio.

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Audio ADR Preparation

  • ADR can be used to fix mistakes, make up for bad vocal performances, making a TV safe cut and for creative possibilities
  • Beginning of sound – sound people called the shots
  • Post synchronization
  • Late 30’s then most of audio in a studio film is recorded in post production
  • Looping
  • Two common practices- visual adr and audio adr
  • Cut up edit into small chunks
  • Have actors in the same posture as they are in the film
  • There are ADR assisting programs

ADR Terms

  • ADR – Automated Dialogue Replacement
  • Looping – Having multiple takes and being able to choose the best take
  • Visual ADR – Actor visually matching lip sync
  • Audio ADR – Actor matches the sound of original audio
  • Audio Post-production Terms
  • Equalizer- boost or cuts the amplitude of specific frequencies
  • First order filter- a type of equalizer, high shelf
  • High pass filter- deletes low frequencies
  • Low pass filter- deletes high frequencies
  • Second order filter- peaking filter, has three setting, target, gain, quality
  • Q is sometime express in octaves
  • Graphic equalizers- found on mix boards
  • Equalizers- fix inadequacies in recordings, eliminate hums/rumbles, mixing audio, and makes the track sound better
  • EQ can create new sounds
  • Dynamic refers to the general loudness
  • Dynamic range= difference from softest to loudest
  • A compressor compresses the dynamic range
  • A limiter makes sure peaks do not go over a specific number
  • A expander expands the dynamic range
  • Compressors help audio sound more powerful and louder
  • Multiband compressor- combines the best of EQ
  • FFT process – noise reduction and taking out specific sounds
  • Delay filter- gives an echo effect
  • Echo and reverse give your audience a sense of space

What I Learned and Problems I Solved

I leaned a lot about a completely new subject. Before starting this project I had no idea that a lot of audio gets replaced using ADR. Another thing I learned was that to make a track feel “warm” and to connect it to the rest of the movie there has to to ambient noise. When I did not use ambient noise it was dead silent when Leduc was not talking which sounded horrible. One problem I solved was figuring out how to use garage band. Another problem I had was trying to figure out which track I should use to replace the initial sound. This took a long time and was just me listening to the tracks over and over again.

Film Sound Design – Ambient Sound, Library Sound & Foley

Summary

On this project we were tasked to make a soundtrack for a clip from a movie.  Ian and I adventured around the classroom trying to replicate the sounds that we thought would fit well within our film.  After we collected a lot of sounds for the film we needed more sounds, which we created using the foley process.  Foley was how we created the sounds live with the video, mostly using our mouths to replicate sounds of earthquakes.  It was quite the experience creating all these unique sounds and editing them to line up with our film.

Film Before Foley and Sound Effects

This clip from Studio Ghibli’s film, ‘The Wind Rises’, is what we were tasked to create a new soundtrack for.

Film After Foley and Sound Effects

Foley Process

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To create the foley sound effects we moved into the back sound room.  We set up the video to play in garage band and record, so we could watch the video and do live sound effects.  We initially tried to use of voices the entire time but we found that we could not replicate the sounds accurately.  We switched over to banging the tables and hitting props which sounded really good for foley.  We then exported our soundtrack so we could line it up with the rest of the soundtrack to produce our finished product.

 

Sound Library

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  1. PlexiGlass – Thunder- by moving the plexi glass back and forth it kind of sounded like the earth was shaking
  2. paper circles – steam- we took a piece of paper and rubbed it in circles on a desk to reciprocate the sound of steam
  3. Metal Rattling – Train Tracks – Rattles two metal boxes on top of each other trying to create what a train would sound like
  4. Ambient class noise – Background rumble- we recorded the noise in the classroom to be able to have a filler in the back of our video
  5. Box of stuff failing – earth shaking and damage – we took a lot of junk and out it in a box in Leducs back room and dropped it on the ground and shook it all around
  6. Ruler clacks
  7. chair rattle- train rattle – flipped over on of the black classroom chairs and rattled the wheel so it sounded like a train.
  8. boxes falling – baggage falling- we piled up a stack of boxes from the back room and kicked them over like the suitcases falling on the train
  9. Alexi Glass-earth shaking – by moving the plexi glass back and forth it created a rumble which fit well with the beginning of the video
  10. Ruler Bounce – wave sound – by bouncing the ruler on the edge of a counter it made a cool vibrating sound

Audio Signal Chain Terms

  • single system- better time (audio is matched up with video already)
  • double system-better audio quality
  • bit depth- number of different possible values
  • pre-amp- boost the mic signal
  • analogue cables: unbalanced or balanced
  • impedance- a measure of the devices resistance to AC current
  • sound dissipates according to the inverse square law
  • boom mic – mic of boom pole
  • shotgun mic- has an interference tube

Foley and Sound Effects Terms

  • production audio focuses on dialogue
  • looping/ADR post production sound
  • ambiance – background noise
    • often recorded on location
  • library effets
    • prerecorded sound effects
    • often “dangerous”
  • Foley
    • footsteps, cloth and props
  • foley comes from Vaudeville bc of the role of the drummer
  • broadcast radio and talking pictures replaced vaudeville
  • the sound effects help create a visual picture
  • radio had elaborate foley
  • silent movies had orchestras to play music for the film
  • transition between silent and talking pictures in late 1920s
  • fox-case sound on film – recreated sound of showboat
  • watching film and recording live sound effects for film – Jack Foley
  • jack foley had a really wild life
  • all recorded one track
  • direct-to-picture before it was foley
  • DTP was called “foley stage”
  • dialogue, music and sound effects mixers work w/ director on a spotting session to work on sound for a film
  • now we have no limit
  • modern Foley breaks scene into several passes
  • sync doesn’t matter in foley – it’s feel
  • sound quality elevates picture

What I Learned and Problems I Solved

For this project I learned how to create sound effects and how to do foley. Then I learned how to add them to the video in garage band. One problem we solved was the foley was too quiet. I was able to solve this by increasing the foley track’s volume. Overall, this was a extremely fun project.

The Arrival of Multiplexes and Asian Mainstream

1970s and Onwards: Innovation in Popular Culture – Around the World

  • the best of the mainstream films did new things
  • a lot of films are filmed in Hong Kong
  • very feminine
  • kong fu had taken over Hong Kong cinema
  • Kong Fu cinema was born
  • shift to masculinity
  • in Bruce lee movies the camera stayed out of the fight and stayed still, the actor did the moving
  • new non linear editing systems
  • made cinema spin
  • Shaw brothers had a new studio in the hill above Hong Kond- built on rubber to soundproof it
  • Main stream Indian cinema grew in scale and interventionists
  • in one year India made 473 films
  • the joy and love and the pain
  • not quite reality but “made up reality”
  • more glamor and accent on beauty and youth
  • late 60’s early 70’s – desire to communicate ideas and spend time communicating these ideas
  • tried to capture the spirit of the times in screenplay
  • you will always find a combination of tradition and revolt in good art
  • unforgettable characters
  • you must predict what is going to happen
  • Jaws make 260 million dollars
  • star wars 4 took 500 million dollars
  • era of the blockbuster had begun
  • “I have my finger on the pulse of America” (the exorcist)
  • Jaws was an establishment film and an innovative one
  • Spielberg was a world of suburbs, absent fathers, ect
  • Darth Vader= Richard Nixon
  • feel not think
  • the 80’s were the movie years of protest

Movies to Change the World

1969-1979: Radical Directors in the 70’s

  • German cinema conquered d the world in the 1910’s and 20’s
  • German cinema loved Hollywood but sneered at its lies about love
  • women intimacy in violent times
  • “if I don’t want to be what my parents are then what am I?”
  • questions about identity and sex – Italian
  • consumerism had ruined everything
  • fascism and identity
  • one is to fight against imperialism and capitalism
  • third cinema- a new type of African cinema
  • you either engage in stylistically repurchase or you just record reality
  • Mobeti was angry at consumerism
  • film making that makes you feel in the center of the action
  • identity movies
  • stripped cinema naked loaded it with symbols about identity and turned it into gold
  • Around the world movie makers tried to find their countries identity

American Cinema of the 70’s

1967-1979: New American Cinema

  • the 60’s in America had been a day in the sun
  • The Hollywood studio system came to an end
  • New America cinema- three types
    • satirical- mocked society
    • dissident films
    • assimilation movies
  • “in order to be funny you need to think sad first”
  • Buck Henry is one of cinemas masters of the upside down and satire
  • “we were fighting to open up the form”
  • kept camera away from raw emotion
  • the story of the movies in the 70’s was full of rebels
  • Black conscious was an important in America
  • assimilationists
  • films spatially clear but tense
  • north lighting in the god father “light from above” – can not see eyes very well

The Makings of a Champion Film Evaluation

THE FILM

VIEWINGS

  • Number of viewings: 4

REACTION

  • favorable – I enjoyed the film and it was entertaining. There were a couple mistakes that bugged me. One example was when there was a random moped chase scene on the track that did not fit in with the plot.

EMOTIONAL RESPONSE

  • This movie made me feel motivated because of the plot but a little disoriented because it was kinda random. I also think I enjoyed the film more then most people because my friends made it and I enjoyed watching them try to make this film.

PURPOSE / AIM / MESSAGE OF FILM AS I SEE IT

  • The message of the film as I see it is follow your dreams. This message was conveyed by the main characters transformation from a fat person that just watched TV and sat on the couch to a successful runner.
THIS FILM ACHIEVED ITS PURPOSE THROUGH
(bold the term[s] in parentheses you are discussing and explain your choices)

  • Narration (story, dramatic appeal, motivation, closure, point of view)

The plot help achieve its purpose because in the end the main character accomplished his goal, this conveyed the feeling that goals can be accomplished.

  • Sound (music, dialogue, silence, language, narrator, sound effects)

The music during the hurdle scene was inspirational and constant. This consistency conveyed the feeling of working hard and constantly working.

  • Photography (focus, frame, angle, movement, space, sets, light, color)

I enjoyed how the camera panned and moved with the main character as he jumped over hurdles. This gave the feeling of being with the main character as he worked and got better.

  • Editing (order, cuts, duration, rhythm, continuity, montage, motifs)

One section of cuts I enjoyed in this film was the section when different clips of the main character running were shot from the same camera position and even the trainer was in the same position.

FILM RELATED TO ITS HISTORICAL PLACE & TIME

  • This film took place present day and at a high school. This film was accurate with this place and time.

VALUES EXPRESSED IN THIS FILM

  • One value expressed in this film is not to judge people when first meeting them as the track coach judged the main character right away.
  • Another value expressed is the value of working hard.

FILM “MAKES ITS CASE” OR PERSUADED ME OF ITS MESSAGE

  • This film persuaded me through emotional appeal. It appealed to my sense of motivation and achievement.

Something in Return Film Production

Summary

In a group of four we made a five minute film over a six week period. I was the editor and a main actor.

21st Century Skills

I exhibited critical thinking and problem solving. A lot of my work as an editor was fixing mistakes that we made to make our film run smoothly. When I was editing I would notice a problem area and then have to figure out how to fix it.

One trait I could of exhibited more was the leadership skills. Near the end of the pre-production phase and the beginning of the production phase we were unsure of what to do and were unproductive. I could of stepped up to make sure we planned out our shots and then started to film them.

The Film

What I Learned and Problems I Solved

I learned that to be productive in a day filmmakers need a plan and need to know what they want to accomplish in that day. When our energy was directed towards completing a specific task, which was normally filming a certain scene, we achieved more and were more productive then if we did not. One problem I solved was a mistake an actor made that we never had time to re-shoot. I was able to edit the audio of two different clips together to make the audio fit with the plot. To cover up the visual I added a reaction shot from a different character.

Editor Post-production

Summary

During post-production I put or footage in order and then edited it. I also collaborated with the sound designer to improve our audio.

Discussions with Director

One discussion I had with our director was a discussion about color correction. We worked together to fix multiple clips’ color. Initially we had a huge problem because multiple clips had inconsistent color. I fixed this problem by using the color correction tools to make the color consistent.

Test Edits

The first major edit I made was to correct the length of our film. I had to work with the screenwriter to cut certain parts from the plot to make our film go from being 7 minutes and 6 seconds to under 5 minutes. We ended up cutting out a part about John’s background and shoulder injury.

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Another part I edited was 25 sections into our film. The actor who Kris messed up her line and we forgot to re-shoot it. To fix this I split her clip, deleted the middle part that was wrong, and to cover this mistake I inserted a reaction shot of Marten. I was able to make it sound like she stuttered and now the audio makes sense and works with our plot.

 

Contributions with The Director

The majority of the discussion I had with the director was about color correction. We worked together to blend colors and make different shots have the same color.

Editing Software Screenshots

Color correction:

Screen Shot 2016-03-31 at 9.12.52 AMScreen Shot 2016-03-31 at 9.13.33 AM

We used the Pudovkin editing technique of cutting back and forth between to scenes to suggest the simultaneity of these two actions. We did this during our phone call between Kris and Chuck. I cut back and forth between these two actor to show reaction shots and give the impression that both these actions are occurring at the same time.

One transition that I used was a fade to black to show the time gap between two scenes. I made the fade as slow as I could to emphasis this time change.

One audio transition I used was a fade in of the music near the end of the film.

One special effect we used was a punch sound. I lined up this punch sound to occur at the same time as the visual of the punch.

One visual transition I used was a strait cut during the fight scene. This gave the feeling of disorienting because we changed the camera angle. Another thing I did was after the fight scene I cut to an empty parking lot with nothing interesting in it. Then when Chuck ran into this scene we would all be focused on him because we already had time to take in the surroundings.

How I Could Have Improved The Film

I could of improved the color more. I was able to correct some clip’s colors but not all of them.

What I Learned and Problems I Solved

I learned that to be a good editor it takes time. You have to give yourself a time to to a good job. One problem I solved was I changed the plot of our story so our film would be under five minutes.